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Bobby

Cenad (RO) - Apatfalva (HU)

Discutand pe mess cu un prieten ce locuieste in Sanicolaul Mare despre cele 2 linii prezentate de myster2008 acesta mi-a spus ca si in zona lui la Cenad a fost o linie care trecea dincolo la vecini.
Cele 2 poduri dintre Cenad si Apatfalva (unul trecea Muresul) au fost distruse in perioada ce-lui de-al doilea razboi mondial si nu au mai fost refacute...
Dupa cateva minute de studiat zona Cenad-ului mi-am dat seama ca are dreptate si ca linia ce pleaca din Sanicolaul Mare nu a fost facuta sa se termine in Cenad(12 km) ci ea mai merge mai departe pana in localitatea Apatfalva aflata pe o linia ce pleaca din Mako is vine pe langa garanita in zona Nadlac la noi...

Acum cateva poze majoritatea din Google Earth:

Cenadul



Plan general al zonei:  Cu rosu am marcat 2 poduri de mult distruse


Acuma marite in 5 imagini








Unul din piloni primul pod din vechea albie a Muresului.
http://www.panoramio.com/photo/6741782

Si 2 dintre piloni podului ce tranversa actuala albie a Muresului.
http://www.panoramio.com/photo/6741782

2 poze foarte mari (~ 22 Mb) si foarte detaliate ale zonei. Sunt identice una are marcat traseul linilor de CF din zona iar a doua  nu...
Datorita dimensiunilor ele au fost urcate pe un site de filehosting si se pot descarca de aici
VT

(First of all hi to everyone! I'm a Hungarian railway fan, and since I don't speak Romanian I write in English and read the forum thorough Google Translate. I hope I will understand you well and you understand me well )

Yes you are right, the railway continued from Cenad across the Maros.
It was the line of the former Hódmezővásárhely-Makó-Nagyszentmiklós HÉV (HÉV means Local railway, they were the typical form of secondary railways in Hungary.)

The story was the following:

The Hódmezővásárhely-Makó-Nagyszentmiklós HÉV company built its line to connect Hódmezővásárhely with the Banat. If you see the map today, you see this line comes from Hódmezővásárhely, then it turns into Makó station, towards the direction to Szeged.

But originally this line turned into the opposite side, towards Apátfalva! The Hódmezővásárhely-Makó-Nagyszentmiklós HÉV had the Makó-Úváros ("Makó-New town") station as it's main station in Makó, and had no direct connection with the Makó station on the Szeged-Mezőhegyes-Battonya-Arad line. That line was operated by the ACSEV company (means Arad-Csanád Unified Railways, they maintained a huge network from Brad to Arad and Szeged) while the Hódmezővásárhely-Makó-Nagyszentmiklós HÉV was operated by the MÁV.

Ok, so from Makó-Újváros the line turned towards Apátfalva, with the opposite curve you may see now on the maps. It joined into the Mezőhegyes line at a junction called "Kákás", and the following cca. 5 km section was used as a peage line, shared by the two companies. At Apátfalva station the lines are split, the ACSEV line went to Mezőhegyes, while the HÉV line went to Nagyszentmiklós. You drew the line well into the map.

At the village Magyarcsanád there was the same situation as in Makó: the two companies had two separate stations, both with 2 tracks. (Exactly megálló-rakodóhely, I don't know in english.) The station on the Szeged-Mezőhegyes line is used today: (nice building with ACSEV-style wooden decoration):
http://www.vasutallomasok.hu/allomas.php?az=mgcs
The HÉV's station building is a house now, it's a standard 5th class station building for local railways:
http://www.vasutallomasok.hu/allomas.php?az=mgcr
You can find it on Google, it's some meters after the abandoned railway cross the road 43 towards the Maros.

After 1920 the Maros became the border between Hungary and Romania, splitting the line into two. I suppose the bridge stood but there was no traffic then, maybe there were no tracks on it. At the late 1920's the short Apátfalva-Magyarcsanád branch was excluded from traffic.

The railway bridge over the Maros was exploded in the 2nd world war. One of it's span was used for repairing the Tisza bridge between Szentes and Csongrád and lasted there until 1986. In the 1950's a new curve was built to connect the line into Makó's main station. (The railway bridge was demolished at Szeged, so Makó needed an another direct connection.)

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So that's the history. I visited this branch on the summer of 2008, and photographed the line from both sides of the border. (Actually I don't know how to upload photos...)

Then were CFR times there, and looked like the raiway will be closed. Since then the passenger traffic was stopped on Hódmezővásárhely-Makó, while the Cenad branch succesfully kept alive. (Barbarism what goes here with the branch lines, the Romanian railways are so much luckier.)

There are plans to revive railway the connection at Cenad, because it would play important role in traffic between Szeged and Temesvár, but the embarkment on the Hungarian side leads toward a national park area, and I think there will be another route. (But these are long term projects, since the Szeged Tisza bridge needs to be built before that.) Some years ago I saw an article about the Magyarcsanád railway bridge in the local news that the plans are ready, but there's no money for it... As usual.

It would be a nice and useful railway link, I hope one day it will be rebuilt.

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One addition: there were 3 bridges. You placed well, there was one shorter at the embarkment of the Maros at the Hungarian side, then the main Maros bridge, and a third is at the embarkment of the Maros at the Cenad side, over a lake. (I suppose that lake was a branch of the Maros at the time of the building.)

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That's all!

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